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PK.M 1 Number Sense and Quantity
- PK.M 1.a Children develop number recognition and counting skills and learn the relationship between numbers and the quantity they represent.
- PK.M 1.a.1 Quickly name the number in a group of objects, up to 10
- PK.M 1.a.2 Verbally count beyond 20 (or in some way indicate knowledge of numbers beyond 20 in sequence), demonstrating an understanding of the number pattern
- PK.M 1.a.3 Use strategies to count large sets of objects (more than 10)
- PK.M 1.a.4 Know the number that comes before or after a specified number (up to 20)
- PK.M 1.a.5 Recognize and order each written numeral up to 10
- PK.M 1.a.6 Associate a quantity with a written numeral up to 10
PK.M 2 Number Relationships and Operations
- PK.M 2.a Children learn to use numbers to compare quantities and solve problems.
- PK.M 2.a.1 Use counting to compare two sets of objects and to determine which set has more, less, or the same than the other
- PK.M 2.a.2 Understand that adding one or taking away one changes the number in a group of objects by exactly one
- PK.M 2.a.3 Use toys and other objects as tools to solve simple addition and subtraction problems with totals smaller than ten
PK.M 3 Classification and Patterning
- PK.M 3.a Children learn to order and sort objects by common attributes, to identify patterns, and to predict the next sequence in a pattern.
- PK.M 3.a.1 Sort objects by more than one attribute (e.g., color and shape) into two or more groups
- PK.M 3.a.2 Sort sets of objects by one characteristics, then sort by a different characteristics and explain the sorting rules (e.g., “These are all of the red ones, but these are all of the big ones”)
- PK.M 3.a.3 Extend sequential patterns and replicate these patterns using different materials or modes (e.g., on being told a pattern, replicating the pattern with manipulatives)
- PK.M 3.a.4 Identify the core unit of sequentially repeating patterns (i.e., that set of characteristics or items that repeat)
- PK.M 3.a.5 Replicate and extend simple growing (or enlarging) patterns
PK.M 4 Measurement, Comparison, and Ordering
- PK.M 4.a Children learn to measure objects by their various attributes (length, height, weight, volume) and to use differences in attributes to make comparisons.
- PK.M 4.a.1 Order (or seriate) four or more items by decreasing or increasing a relative attribute when differences are perceptually clear (e.g., arranging a rock collection from the largest to the smallest)
- PK.M 4.a.2 Use some appropriate tools to measure different attributes (e.g., choosing a scale for weight and a cup for volume)
- PK.M 4.a.3 Use measurement language to describe the attributes of objects (e.g., “This is three-blocks long.”)
PK.M 5 Geometry and Spatial Sense
- PK.M 5.a Children learn to identify shapes and their attributes, solve problems using shapes, and explore the positions of objects in space.
- PK.M 5.a.1 Describe and compare shapes using their attributes (e.g., “a triangle has three sides, but a square has four.”)
- PK.M 5.a.2 Combine and separate shapes to make other shapes (e.g., using two triangles to make a square)
- PK.M 5.a.3 Build more complex models of buildings, structures, or areas (e.g., their classroom or playground) with three-dimensional shapes, such as building blocks
- PK.M 5.a.4 Correctly name familiar shapes (e.g., circle, triangle, and square) and less familiar shapes (e.g., hexagon, trapezoid, and rhombus)
- PK.M 5.a.5 Correctly name some three- dimensional shapes (e.g., cube, cone, cylinder)
- PK.M 5.a.6 Understand and use language related to directionality, order, and the position of objects, such as “up, “”down,” “in front,” and “behind”