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- Key Ideas and Details
- ELA.4.1 Refer to details and examples in a literary text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
- ELA.4.2 Determine a theme of a story, drama, or poem from details in the literary text; summarize the text.
- ELA.4.3 Describe in depth a character, setting, or event in a story or drama, drawing on specific details in the literary text (e.g., a character’s thoughts, words, or actions).
- ELA.4.4 Refer to details and examples in an informational text when explaining what the text says explicitly and when drawing inferences from the text.
- ELA.4.5 Determine the main idea of an informational text and explain how it is supported by key details; summarize the text.
- ELA.4.6 Explain events, procedures, ideas, or concepts in a historical, scientific, or technical text, including what happened and why, based on specific information in the informational text.
- Craft and Structure
- ELA.4.7 Determine the meaning of words and phrases as they are used in a literary text, including words that allude to significant characters such as those found in mythology (e.g., herculean).
- ELA.4.8 Explain major differences between poems, drama, and prose; refer to the structural elements of poems (e.g., verse, rhythm, and meter) and drama (e.g., casts of characters, settings, descriptions, dialogue, and stage directions) when writing or speaking about a literary text.
- ELA.4.9 Compare and contrast the point of view from which different literary texts are narrated, including the difference between first- and third-person narrations.
- ELA.4.10 Determine the meaning of general academic and domain-specific words or phrases in an informational text relevant to a grade 4 topic or subject area.
- ELA.4.11 Describe the overall structure (e.g., chronology, comparison, cause/effect, or problem/solution) of events, ideas, concepts, or information in all or part of an informational text.
- ELA.4.12 Compare and contrast a firsthand and secondhand account of the same event or topic; describe the differences in the focus and information provided in these informational texts.
- Integration of Knowledge and Ideas
- ELA.4.13 Make connections between the text of a story or drama and a visual or oral presentation of the literary text, identifying where specific descriptions and directions in the text are reflected in the visual or oral presentation.
- ELA.4.14 Compare and contrast the treatment of similar themes and topics (e.g., opposition of good and evil) and patterns of events (e.g., the quest) in stories, myths, traditional literature, and literary text from different cultures.
- ELA.4.15 Interpret information presented visually, orally, or quantitatively (e.g., in charts, graphs, diagrams, time lines, animations, or interactive elements on web pages) and explain how the information contributes to an understanding of the informational text in which it appears.
- ELA.4.16 Explain how an author uses reasons and evidence to support particular points in an informational text.
- ELA.4.17 Integrate information from two informational texts on the same topic in order to write or speak about the subject knowledgeably.
- Range of Reading and Text Complexity
- ELA.4.18 By the end of the year read and comprehend literature, including stories, dramas, and poetry, in the grades 4–5 text complexity range proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.
- ELA.4.19 By the end of the year read and comprehend informational texts, including social studies, science and technical texts, in the grades 4–5 text complexity range proficiently, with scaffolding as needed at the high end of the range.